What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is caused by bacteria (germs) which live in the mouth. The bacteria stick to your teeth and if not removed regularly cause gum irritation. The disease may destroy the attachment of the gum to the tooth forming a pocket between the gum and tooth. The bacteria live in the pockets and can destroy the bone that supports the teeth. This can lead to the tooth becoming loose. Eventually the tooth may fall out or have to be removed by your dentist because it is painful.

  • The gums are red and swollen
  • Gums bleeding on tooth-brushing
  • Possible bad breath
  • Gums may shrink making the teeth look longer (recession)

  • The teeth become loose

How is Gum Disease treated?

Gum disease is usually treatable by your Hygienist or Dental Surgeon. When the disease is more advanced, referral to a Periodontal (Gum) Specialist may be required.

Mostly treatment is about controlling the bacteria, improving the gum health and preventing it getting worse. You cannot usually replace the support that the teeth have lost.

Various treatments are available for more severe problems including deep cleaning under local anaesthetic (Root surface debridement) and more complex surgical treatments. These will be discussed fully with your Specialist if indicated.

Vicky – Periodontics (Gum Treatment).

“My first impressions of the practice was lovely. It was very welcoming, very professional and I felt secure with the treatments. The dentists who carry out my treatment are wonderful. I really feel that they’re working with for the best treatment for me. And they’re very professional and surprisingly gentle and pain-free.”


Hygienist Patient

Frequently Asked Questions.

The effects of smoking can be harmful to your gums and can mask signs of the disease. It is advisable to quit.

It is true that some of us are more prone to gum problems than others but that doesn’t mean that you’ll lose your teeth because your family have. What it does mean is that it is very important that you see your dentist/hygienist regularly to remove any deposits that have built-up between your teeth and gums.

Yes..Cleaning your teeth and gums well twice a day will improve your gum health quickly.

However, if the condition is advanced or is not improving, your dentist may refer you to a gum specialist (periodontist) for more intensive treatment. Of course all of this will be fully discussed with you first.

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